This tag is associated with 3 posts

Summary: Vannevar Bush’s “As We May Think”

As Director of the Office of Scientific Research and Development for the U.S. Government, Vannevar Bush was one of the leaders on the Manhattan Project which developed the atomic bomb. For scientists, the Second World War was a time of discovery and mass technological and theoretical advancement. However, with the war ending, Vannevar Bush wondered … Continue reading

Summary: Ian Hutchby’s “Technology, Texts and Affordances”

In “Technologies, Texts and Affordances”, Ian Hutchby proposes a middle ground between realism, “the view that worldly objects have inherent properties that act as constraints on observational accounts” and contructivism, “the view that the very ‘reality’ of objects is itself an outcome of discursive practices in relation to the object” (Hutchby 443). By introducing the … Continue reading

Summary: Donald Norman’s “Affordance, Conventions, and Design”

Affordance, a term first conceptualized by J.J. Gibson, is used to refer a type of relationship that naturally occurs between an inanimate object and a person or animal. In this article, Norman refers to affordance as the actual and perceived use of a thing, and when affordances are taken advantage of, the user knows what … Continue reading